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IT For Local Self-Governance | Computerising MP Land Records

Computerising MP Land Records

In a predominantly agrarian economy, records of land ownership and use are of great importance. However, most of these records are legacy data. Often, retrieval of a particular record requires a landowner to run from pillar to post and to waste precious time and money for a task that should not be so difficult. The Madhya Pradesh government’s initiative in 2002-2003— BhuAbhilekh – is a G2C (government to consumer) and G2G (government to government) application software used by the office of the Commissioner, Land Records and Settlement, Department of Revenue in the Madhya Pradesh government. BhuAbhilekh comprises a computerised master database of land records that stores plot-wise and owner-wise details on land, crops, revenue, irrigation, demand, collection, land type, tenancy, and so on. This data can be retrieved, changed and updated. The system also allows periodic reports to be generated and issued to landowners, including the two important documents Khasra—the Record of Rights (ROR)—and Khatauni.
Land Records Information System (BhuAbhilekh) Madhya Pradesh

Microsoft platform /
application used

Windows 98/2000/XP;
SQL Server 7.0;
Visual Basic 6.0
National Informatics Centre, Bhopal unit


The new system was based on client-server architecture and security was built in at various stages. Also, to provide the facility of printing reports and documents in Hindi, GIST SDK 2.05 and Crystal Reports 7.0 were used. Various measures were taken to ensure data security. Different access rights were defined for different users. Passwords and biometric authentication were used wherever necessary. Additional features have also been provided to restrict backdated data entry and manipulation. Other features include automatic DNS creation, a compulsory weekly backup and an audit trail. BhuAbhilekh 1.0 has successfully been implemented in all 272 tehsils in Madhya Pradesh, and records of 10.5 million landowners from 55,897 villages have been computerised. BhuAbhilekh 2.0 is currently working in the tehsils of 48 districts of the state


BhuAbhilekh has automated generation and issue of Record of Rights. It has ensured data integrity, accuracy and timeliness in land records information processing and increased engagement in development activities by the village functionary since maintenance of registers has been automated.

It has helped provide speedier social justice as correct and reliable data is available which is useful for planning and decision-making. Documents with legal implications can be generated for needy landholders for use as a proof of title, to secure loans and subsidies under various development programmes.

It has also helped to settle land disputes by providing accurate and effective information In addition, useful crop information is maintained for agricultural census work.

The third version of the software, which has significant modifications and can generate many more reports, is under pilot implementation. All districts are hosted on the internet for dissemination of the Records of Rights (ROR) in the local language (Hindi). Future versions are likely to include PKI or digital signatures for stronger data security, digitisation of cadastral maps and linking with textual data, establishment of a central server and enablement of data warehousing, web-based monitoring and provision of Khasra information through SMS.

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